Resources for Teaching about World War I

On this page you will find lists of people, places, and dates to include in lessons about World War I. This page also has links to other resources for this time period, including a link to a list of children's books about World War I.

People to Remember

Woodrow Wilson (1856 - 1924)  The 28th President of the United States who led the United States in World War I and helped form the League of Nations

General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing (1860 - 1948) General in the United States Army who led the American forces during World War I

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (1863 - 1914) Heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne whose assassination in Sarajevo marked the beginning of World War I

David Lloyd George (1863 - 1945) - Prime minister of Great Britain during World War I

Lawrence of Arabia (Thomas Edward Lawrence) (1888 - 1935) British soldier who
organized the Arab revolt against the Turks during World War I

Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859 - 1941) Emperor of Germany and King of Prussia during
World War I

Czar Nicholas II (1868 - 1918) The last tsar of Russia who was executed (along with his family) by the Bolsheviks

Vladimir Lenin (1870 - 1924) Founder of the Bolsheviks and the leader of the Russian
Revolution

Eddie Rickenbacker (1890 - 1973) Highest-scoring American fighter ace in World War I

Alvin C. York (1887 - 1964) American soldier in World War I who received the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest

Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron" (1892 - 1918) German fighter pilot who is
considered the top ace of World War I

 

Places and Terms to Know

The Lusitania - A British transatlantic liner that was sunk by a German U-boat on May 7th, 1915, killing 1198 people, including 128 Americans

The Great War - World War I (1914-1918)

Triple Alliance - Pre-WWI alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

Triple Entente - Pre-WWI alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia

Central Powers of World War I - The nations of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey

Allied Powers - The countries of Great Britain, France, Russia, Belgium, Italy, and
the United States

Isolationism - Foreign policy approach taken by the United States during the initial years
of World War I

Trench Warfare - The type of combat used in World War I in which the opposing troops
fought from trenches that were facing each other

Western Front - The Battleground in France and Belgium where the German and the Allies fought in trenches during World War I

No Man's Land - The strip of land between the trenches of the opposing German and
Allied forces during World War I

World War I Military Hospital

Conscripts - Soldiers who were drafted into service

Infantry - Foot soldiers of an army

Doughboy - An informal name for an American infantryman in World War I

Tommy - An informal name for a private in the British army

Shell shock - Mental distress and exhaustion caused by the stress of prolonged engagement in warfare

Howitzer - A short cannon capable of firing shells high into the air

Maxim gun - The first automatic machine gun

Vickers gun - A British machine gun

U-Boat - A German submarine

Ace - A fighter pilot who shot down at least five enemy planes

Dogfight - A battle fought in the air between fighting aircraft

Reconnaissance - Observation to gather information about the position and movement
of enemy forces

Periscopes - Tube containing mirrors or prisms that allowed soldiers to see over the top
ot their trenches.

"Over the top" - Charging out of the trench, often into enemy fire

Paris peace conference after World War I on May 27, 1919

Spanish Flu - An influenza pandemic that lasted from 1918 to 1920 and killed millions of people worldwide

Armistice - An agreement between opposing armies to stop fighting in order to discuss
peace terms

Armistice Day - The anniversary of the end of World War I on November 11, 1919

Treaty of Versailles (1919) - The peace treaty that officially ended World War I

Bolshevik Revolution - Seizure of power by the Bolsheviks under Lenin in November 1917

Wilson's Fourteen Points - President Wilson's plan for a peace negotiation after World War I

The League of Nations - Organization that was created after World War I to help nations
settle disputes peacefully

 

Dates to Remember for World War I

June 28,1914 -Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia

April 6, 1917 - United States declares war on Germany

November 11, 1918 - Armistice Day: fighting stops at 11 A.M.

June 28,1919 - Treaty of Versailles: Peace treaty is signed by German delegates and Allies in Versailles

 

Other Resource for Teaching about World War I

NeoK12 has a page about World War I that contains matching games, videos, maps, and quizzes.

Eyewitness to History has a page about America's involvement in World War I.

MrDonn.org has lessons and links for learning about World War I.

Firstworldwar.com is a multimedia history of World War I.

Coloring page of American Soldiers of World War I by Education.com

Jimmie's Collage has resources for a lapbook or notebook about World War I.

ActivityVillage.co.uk has printable Remembrance Day poems, including "In Flanders Fields" by Dr John McCrae.