Here are lists of people, places, and dates to include in a unit study about American history during the 1800s. I've also included a link to a list of children's books for this time period, along with links to other resources.
Thomas Jefferson (1743 - 1826) - Principal author of the Declaration of Independence and the third President of the United States
Meriweather Lewis (1774 - 1809) Thomas Jefferson's friend and secretary who was commissioned by Jefferson in 1803 to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase
William Clark (1770 - 1838) Co-captain of the expedition to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase
Sacajawea (c. 1788 - 1812) - Shoshone woman who translated for Lewis and Clark
Horatio Nelson (1758 - 1805) - British Admiral who established Britain's naval supremacy, which lasted throughout the 1800's
James Madison (1751 - 1836) Fourth President of the United States (1809 - 1817). He was the principal author of the Constitution of the United States.
Francis Scott Key (1779 - 1843)- Author of "The Star Spangled Banner"
Eli Whitney (1765 - 1825) American inventor who invented the cotton gin
Robert Fulton ( 1765 - 1815) American engineer and inventor who developed the first commercially successful steamboat
Andrew Jackson (1767 - 1845) Seventh President of the United States (1829-1837)
Queen Victoria (1819 - 1901 ) - Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901
Prince Albert (1819 - 1861) Husband of Queen Victoria
William Wilberforce (1759 - 1833) - Leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade in Britain
De Witt Clinton (1769 - 1828) Governor of New York who advocated building the Erie Canal
Samuel F. B. Morse (1791 - 1872) Inventor and painter who built the first American telegraph around 1835
John Deere (1804 - 1886) American blacksmith and manufacturer who invented the first commercially successful steel plow
William Travis (1809 - 1836) Commanded the Texans who died defending the Alamo
Jim Bowie (1793 - 1836) Inventor of a hunting knife which was called the Bowie Knife. He died defending the Alamo.
Davy Crockett (1786 - 1836) Frontiersman from Tennessee and member of the U.S. House of Representatives who died fighting for Texas' independence at the Alamo
Sam Houston (1793 - 1863) Politician and military leader whose army won a battle against Mexican forces and gained independence for Texas
Florence Nightingale (1820 - 1910) English nurse during the Crimean War who helped improve nursing practices and the condition of hospitals.
Karl Marx (1818 - 1883) Author of the Communist Manifesto. Communism is based on Karl Marx's ideas.
Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882) English biologist who developed the theory of evolution and wrote The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
Harriet Tubman (c. 1820 - 1913) Former slave who helped hundreds of slaves escape slavery
Sojourner Truth (c. 1797 - 1883) Former slave who spoke out against slavery and for women's rights
Amelia Bloomer (1818 - 1894) Advocate of women's rights who became famous in 1851 for her "bloomers"
Levi Strauss (1829 - 1902) - Founded Levi Strauss & Co, the first company to manufacture blue jeans, in 1853 in San Francisco, California
Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811 - 1896) Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, a novel which changed how many Americans viewed slavery
Frederick Douglas (1818 - 1895) Former slave who became a leader of the abolitionist movement
Abraham Lincoln (1809 - 1865) The sixteenth president of the United States
Jefferson Davis (1808 - 1889) President of the Confederate States during the Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant (1822 - 1885) Union general of the Civil War and 18th President of the United States
Robert E. Lee (1807 - 1870) Commander of the Confederate Army during the Civil War
William T. Sherman (1820 - 1891) General in the Union Army of the Civil War who captured Atlanta and led a destructive march to the sea
Stonewall Jackson (1824 - 1863) Confederate general of the Civil War
John Wilkes Booth (1838 - 1865) Actor who shot and killed President Lincoln
Clara Barton (1821 - 1912) Civil War nurse who established the American Red Cross
Louis Pasteur (1822 - 1895) French biologist and chemist who invented pasteurization and created the first vaccine for rabies and anthrax
Joseph Lister (1827 - 1912) British surgeon who promoted the use of antiseptics to sterilize instruments used in surgery and to clean wounds
David Livingston (1813 - 1873) Scottish explorer of Africa
Alfred Noble (1833 - 1896) Swedish chemist who invented dynamite and established the Noble Prize.
Alexander Graham Bell (1847 - 1922) Inventor of the telephone (1876)
Thomas Edison (1847-1931) Inventor of the incandescent electric light bulb , the phonograph, and the motion picture camera
General George Custer (1839-1876) American Civil War general who was defeated and at the Battle of Little Bighorn
Sitting Bull (c. 1831 - 1890) Sioux war chief who defeated Custer's troops at the Battle of the Little Bighorn on June 25, 1876
Chief Joseph (1840 - 1904) Leader of the Nez Perce tribe who fought for the freedom of his people to keep their home
Buffalo Bill Cody (1846 - 1917) American showman who was famous for his Wild West Show
Annie Oakley (1860 - 1926) American sharpshooter who was featured in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show
Jesse James (1847 - 1882) Famous American outlaw who robbed banks, stagecoaches, and trains
Booker T. Washington (1856 - 1915) American educator, author, orator, and political leader who was born a slave and became the president of Tuskegee University in Alabama.
George Washington Carver (1864 - 1943) Botonist and chemist who developed uses for peanuts, soy beans, and sweet potatoes to help Southern farmers
Helen Keller ( 1880 - 1968) American author and political activist who was deaf and blind from early childhood
Louisiana Purchase - The purchase of the territory of Louisiana from France in 1803
War of 1812 - War between the United States and Britain from 1812 to 1814
USS Constitution - A three masted ship of the United States Navy that captured numerous merchant ships and defeated five British warships during the war of 1812. The USS Constitution, also known as "Old Ironsides," is the world's oldest commissioned naval vessel still afloat.
The Star Spangled Banner (1814) - A poem written by Francis Key Scott in 1814 that became America's national anthem.
Battle of New Orleans (1815) - The final major battle of the War of 1812 in which the American forces commanded by Andrew Jackson defeated the invading British army.
Battle of Waterloo (1815) -Battle at Waterloo that put an end to Napoleon's rule as Emperor of the French
The Monroe Doctrine (1823) - A warning to European countries not to interfere with the independent nations of the Western Hemisphere
The Erie Canal (1825) - Canal built between 1817 and 1825 which runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie
The Trail of Tears (1831) - Forced relocation and movement of Native Americans from their homelands to Indian Territory in the Western United States
The Alamo (1836) - A mission in San Antonio that was the site of a battle in the Texas revolution against Mexican rule in which all of the Americans fighting for independence were killed.
Opium Wars (1839 - 1860) - Wars fought between Britain and China over China's refusal to allow opium to be imported. As a result of the war, China surrendered Hong Kong to Britain and opened ports for free trade to the west.
Manifest Destiny - The American belief in the nineteenth century that the United States was destined to expand across the whole North American continent
Oregon Trail (1841) - Wagon route traveled by thousands of people to reach the western United States
Irish Potato Famine (1845 - 1850) - Famine that occured in Ireland when the country's main crop, the potato, was infected by the potato blight
The Mexican - American War (1846 - 1848) - War between the United States and Mexico which resulted in the U.S. gaining land from Texas to California
The Communist Manifesto (1848) - A pamphlet written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1848 that promoted communism
The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) A rush of migrants to California after gold was discovered on John Sutter's mill
Forty-niners - A name for prospectors who went to California to search for gold
Fugitive Slave Act (1850) Law passed by the United States Congress in 1850 that declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their masters.
Underground Railroad - Route which took slaves north to freedom
Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) - A novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe which changed the way that many Americans thought about slavery
Dred Scott Decision (1857) - The ruling by the Supreme Court in 1857 that made slavery legal in all U.S. territories
Origin of the Species (1859) Charles Darwin's essay on his ideas of how species developed that was published in 1859
Pony Express (1860 - 1861) A mail delivery service that operated between St. Joseph, MO and Sacramento, California
The Civil War (1861 - 1865) The civil war between the northern and southern states of the United States
Emancipation Proclamation (1863) An executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln that freed the slaves in the states that were rebelling against the United States.
Gettysburg Address (1863) Speech given by Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
Carpetbaggers - A term used to refer to Northerners who relocated to the South after the American Civil War during the Reconstruction Era.
Scalawags - A term used to refer to Southerners who cooperated with Northerners after the American Civil War during the Reconstruction Era.
Alaskan Purchase (1867) The purchase of Alaska by the United States from Russia in 1867
Chicao Fire (1871) Fire which leveled the entire central business district of Chicago and killed hundreds of people
The Battle of Little Bighorn (1876) Battle near the Little Bighorn River in Montana between several groups of Native Americans and the United States cavalry. General George Custer and all of those in his command were killed in this battle, which is also known as "Custer's Last Stand."
Battle of Wounded Knee (1890) The last major battle between the U.S. Army and Native Americans.
Spanish American War (1898) A war between Spain and the United States in 1898.
1803 - United States purchases Louisiana Territory from France
1812 - War of 1812
1823 - Monroe Doctrine
1825 - The Erie Canal opens, linking the waters of Lake Erie to the Hudson River
1837 - Victoria becomes Queen of England
1846-1848 - U.S. - Mexican War
1848 - California Gold Rush begins
1861-1865 - Civil War
1869 - Transcontinental Railroad and Suez Canal
1876 - The Battle of the Little Bighorn (Custer's Last Stand)
1879 - Thomas Edison invents the light bulb
1884 - Statue of Liberty
1898 - Spanish - American War
The Charge of the Light Brigade - Tennyson
MrNussbaum.com has a page about American history in the 1800s which includes a timeline and maps.
US History Overview 1: Jamestown to the Civil War - This is a Youtube lesson by Khan Academy.
Appomattox Court House and Lincoln's Assassination - This lesson is also by Khan Academy
Gettysburg Address Flashcards- Here is a link to a Quia game for the Gettysburg Address. To play, put the ten sentences of the Gettysburg Address in order. I believe you need to have Java on your computer in order to use Quia flashcards.
Freedom - A History of US - This is an interactive site by PBS.
National Geographic's Underground Railroad Adventure - This interactive site by National Geographic helps students learn about some of the challenges slaves faced while escaping slavery through the Underground Railroad.
Squidoo Lens - Here's a Squidoo Lens about the United States in the 1800's. This page has lots of images, links, books, and videos!
Civil War Study and Lapbook - This Squidoo Lens by MommyLove has lots of links for lapbooks, lesson plans, recipes, and links to other websites about the Civil War.